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Glossary

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HAART

Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

half life

Amount of time needed for half of the amount of drug administered to be eliminated from the body.

Herpes Simplex Virus 1

A virus that causes cold sores or fever blisters on the mouth or around the eyes and that can be transmitted to the genital region. The virus can become inactive (latent), and symptoms disappear. Stress, trauma, other infections or a suppressed immune system can reactivate the virus in a body, causing the symptoms to return.

Herpes Simplex Virus 2

A virus that causes painful sores around the anus or genitals. The virus can become inactive (latent), and symptoms then disappear until it becomes active again in the body. HSV-2 may be transmitted either sexually or from an infected mother to her infant during birth.

Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

The name given to treatment regimens that aggressively inhibit the spread of HIV in the body. The usual HAART regimen combines three or more anti-HIV drugs from at least two different classes.

histological

Histology is the study of microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues in animals and plants. A histological study of cells or tissues is often used to help diagnose a disease or illness.

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The virus that causes AIDS. Human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is in the retrovirus family of viruses. There are two types of HIV — HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for most HIV infections throughout the world, whereas HIV-2 is found primarily in West Africa.

HSV-1

Herpes Simplex Virus 1

HSV-2

Herpes Simplex Virus 2

human immunodeficiency virus

HIV